हामी आफ्रनै प्राचिन सम्पत्तिलाई लाई कमजोरीको रुपमा लिदै, अरुकोमा रमाइरहेका छौ । आफ्नो प्राचीनतालाई शक्तिको रुपमा लिई योगदान गर्न सके, राष्ट्र सम्बृद्ध बन्थ्यो ।

https://www.youtube.com/edit?o=U&video_id=VwTpCuRB86I

अनुसन्धान कसरी गरिनु पर्छ भन्ने एक नमुना, अभिलेखीकरण को महत्व, कसरी आफ्नो मौलिक सम्पत्तिलाई सर्मक्षण गर्न सकिन्छ ? योग encyclopaedia  को बारेमा बोल्दै । ( श्री बालकृष्ण आचार्य, अन्तराष्ट्रिय योग दिवस, दिल्लीमा ।)

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Towards healthy me, healthy Nepal

Impact of Climate Change on the Quality of Herbal Drugs: A Threat to Plant-based Traditional Knowledge for Livelihood.

Rajendra Gyawali1, Bipesh Pyakurel2, Tirtha Maya Shrestha1, Jagendra Khadka, Prem Nayaran Paudel1, Rudra Upreti1, Nira Paudel1, Prerok Regmi1

Herbal resource-based traditional medication practices in the lower Mustang area have been found influenced by the impact of climate change on herbal drugs. Impact of climate change on medicinal plants is seen mainly in respect of accessibility, yield, efficacy and chemistry. To find an alternative source, some Amchis have started cultivating some medicinal plants in private lands. In the experimental greenhouse model, while they were cultivated at 5°C temperature difference, with average 5% relative humidity difference, the temperature stress on medicinal plants has been seen in the morphology and chemistry, i.e. secondary metabolites of the plants. Plants grown in warm conditions were taller with thicker stem, and those cultivated in lower temperature had large leaf size and root size and higher moisture content. Necrosis of leaf in warmer conditions was observed in some plants. Similarly, shoot number, root length, stem thickness, etc were also negatively influenced by high temperature. Chemical analysis showed that some of pharmacologically active compounds were inhibited in high temperature. Pharmacological activity also showed variations in the action of these plants in cytotoxic anti inflammatory and antimicrobial properties.

List of peer review journal available in Ayurveda

List of Peer-Reviewed Journals:

1. Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine – http://www.jaim.in – Institute of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine – INDIA

2. International Journal of Ayurveda Research – http://www.ijaronline.com – Publication of AYUSH, Govt. of India – INDIA

3. International Journal of Ayurvedic Medicine – http://ijam.co.in/index.php/ijam – Ayurveda Sahiti Prabha – INDIA

4. Journal of AYUSH – Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy –http://stmjournals.com/journals/AYUSH/journal-of-AYUSH-Ayurveda-Yoga-Unani-Siddha-and-Homeopathy.html – STM Publication – INDIA

5. AYU (An International Quarterly Journal of Research in Ayurveda) – http://www.ayujournal.org– Institute for Post Graduate Teaching and Research in Ayurveda, Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar – INDIA

6. Journal of Homeopathy & Ayurvedic Medicine –http://omicsgroup.org/journals/ihamehome.php – OMICS Publishing Group – USA

7. Journal of Research and Education in Indian Medicine – http://www.jreim.com – Journal of Research and Education in Indian Medicine – INDIA

8. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine – http://www.liebertpub.com/acm – Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers – USA

9. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine –http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/ – Hindawi Publishing Corporation – USA/Egypt

10. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine / BioMed Central –http://www.biomedcentral.com/bmccomplementalternmed/ – Jo Appleford-Cook – UK

11. Journal of Evidence Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine – http://chp.sagepub.com– Sage Journals

12. Evidence Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine –http://www.oxfordjournals.org/our_journals/ecam/about.html – Oxford Journals – USA/UK/Japan/China

13. The African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines –http://www.africanethnomedicines.net/journal.php – africanethnomedicines.net

 

Other Journals:

1. International Catalogue of Ayurvedic Publications –http://www.ayurvedacatalogue.com/viewjournal.php

2. Ayurveda Journal List – http://www.systemicreviewinayurveda.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=61&itemid=66

* Most of the journals mentioned in the above websites are NOT peer-reviewed.

 

Databases to Search Articles:

 1. PubMed – http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/

2. OVID – http://www.ovid.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/topCategories?storeid=1305&catalogid=9013052&langid=-1

3. EMBASE – http://www.embase.com

4. AMED – http://www.ebscohost.com/academic/amed

Reference: http://ayurvedaresearchusa.org/resources/journals/

Essential Drug list of Ayurvedic medicine for Hospital

1. Ajeernahara (Digestive/Carminative)
i. Lashunadi vati
ii. Lavanavashkar churna
iii. Sandipana churna
iv. Hingavashtak churna
v. Shankha bhashma
vi. Chitrakadi vati

2. Aatisaraghnh (Antidiarrhoeal)
i. Bilwadi churna
ii. Dhatakyadi churna
iii. Mahashankha vati
iv. Bhuwaneshwor vati
v. Siddha praneshwor vati
vi. Brihad Gangadhar churna
vii. Aananda bhairav rasa
viii. Ramvana rasa
ix. Bhunimadi kwath
x. Jeerakadharishta
xi. Rato vari
xii. Kanaka sundar rasa
xiii. Karpura rasa

3. Apashmaarhara (Antiepileptics)
i. Brahmi ghrita
ii. Sarashwata churna
iii. Brihad kasturibhairav rasa
iv. Kalyanaka ghrita
v. Panchagavvya ghrita
vi. Sarashwatarishta
vii. Smritisagar rasa

4. Agnidagdhashamak (Drugs of Burns)
i. Seto malaham
ii. Jatyadi taila
iii. Jatyadi ghrita

5. Amlapittaghna (Antacids)
i. Avipattikar churna
ii. Tara mandoor
iii. Kaudi bhashma
iv. Phalatrikadi kwath
v. Dhatri Lauha
vi. Mukata shukti Bhashma
vii. Laghu shuta shekhar rasa
viii. Praval Bhashma
ix. Kama dudha rasa
x. Praval panchamrita

6. Arshadi guda vikarnashaka (Drugs for haemorrhoids and anorectal disesases)
i. Pranada gutika
ii. Arshakuthar rasa
iii. Jatiphaladi vati
iv. Arshoghna malaham
v. Jatiphaladi ghrita
vi. Arshoghna vati
vii. Changeri ghrita
viii. Triphala guggulu
ix. Abhayasharishta
x. Kasisadi taila
xi. Kankayan gutika

7. Netra roga nashak (Drugs for eye diseases)
i. Karpuradi varti
ii. Chandrodaya varti
iii. Rasanjan a
iv. Saptamrita lauha
v. Triphala ghrita
vi. Tapyadi lauha
vii. Maha triphaladya ghrita
viii. Moti bhashma

8. Aaghatahar (Drugs for trauma and internal injuries)
i. Mimiya
ii. Laksha guggulu
iii. Naram taila

9. Aamvatahara (Anti-arthritis)
i. Ajmodadi vatak
ii. Yogaraj guggulu
iii. Singhnada guggulu
iv. Saindhavadi taila
v. Mahayogaraj guggulu
vi. Mahanarayan taila
vii. Brihad vata chintamani rasa
viii. Vishtindukadi vati

10. Unmadahara (Psychotherapeutic Drugs)
i. Sarpagandhaghna vati
ii. Tapaswini vati
iii. Unmadgajamkusha rasa
iv. Mukta pishti

11. Karnarogahara (Drugs for Ear Problems)
i. Bilva taila
ii. Hingawadi taila
iii. Sarivadi vati
iv. Kshar taila

12. Kamalahar (Drugs for Jaundice)
i. Kamalari vati
ii. Phalatrikadi kwath
iii. Rohitakyadi churna
iv. Shilajeetawadi vati
v. Brihallalokanath rasa

13. Kasahara (Anti-cold)
i. Sitopaladi churna
ii. Kasantak vati
iii. Lavangadi vati
iv. Raktalavangadi churna
v. Talisadi churna
vi. Jeshtalavangadi churna
vii. Shwashkasa chintamadi rasa

14. Krimighna (Anti-helmintics)
i. Krimihara yoga
ii. Krimi kuthar rasa
iii. Vidangasava/Vidangrishta
iv. Vidangadi lauha

15. Gandamalahara (Goitre/Lymphadenitis)
i. Kanchanar guggulu

16. Gridhrisi hara (Drugs for sciatica)
i. Mahamasha taila
ii. Trayo dashanga guggulu
iii. Tamrachudadi taila
iv. Bala taila
v. Mahabishagarbha taila
vi. Maharasnadi kwatha

17. Charmarogaghna (Drugs for Dermatological problems)
i. Gandhaka rasayan
ii. Tuvaraka taila
iii. Marichadi taila
iv. Gandhakadha malahama
v. Karanja taila
vi. Nimbadi taila
vii. Khadirarishta
viii. Mahamanjishthadharishta
ix. Kasisadi taila
x. Sarivadhasav

18. Jworahara (Antpyretics)
i. Sudarshana churna
ii. Jeshthavasadi churna
iii. Godanti Bhashma
iv. Samshamani vati
v. Guduchi satwa
vi. Mahalakshmivilasa rasa
vii. Mrityunjaya rasa
viii. Tribhuwanakirti rasa
ix. Jwarankusha vati
x. Navarasa
xi. Kanakasundar rasa

19. Panduroghna (Anti-anaemic/Haematinic)
i. Mandura bhashma
ii. Navayasa mandurar
iii. Dadimadi churna
iv. Swornamakshik bhashma
v. Lauha bhashma
vi. Lohasava

20. Nasaroga/Peenasa-Pratishyayahara (Anticatarrhal/Nasal disorder)
i. Kshadabindu taila
ii. Chitrka haritaki
iii. Pratishyayahara vati
iv. Naradiya lakshmivilas rasa
v. Mahalakshmivilasa rasa

21. Pravahikahara (Anti dysenteric)
i. Dhanyapanchaka churna
ii. Kutajarishta
iii. Kutajashtaka vati
iv. Shatapushpadi churna
v. Kutajaghana vati
vi. Kutajaavaleha

22. Pakshaghatahara (Drugs for paralysis)
i. Rasnadi kwath
ii. Yogaraj guggulu
iii. Rasnadi guggulu
iv. Ekangaveera rasa
v. Mahanarayana taila
vi. Mahavatavidhansana rasa
vii. Maharasnadi kwath
viii. Rasaraja rasa
ix. Lasunadha ghrita

23. Daurbalya/Kuposhanahara (Drugs for Malnutrition)
i. Ashwagandhadi churna
ii. Ashwagandha taila
iii. Balarishta
iv. Ashawagandharishta
v. Makardhwaj

24. Prameha/Madhumehahara (Antidiabetic0
i. Guduchi satwa
ii. Shuddha shilajeet
iii. Sheeta rasa
iv. Chandraprabha vati
v. Trivanga bhashma
vi. Sworna Vanga
vii. Chandrakala rasa
viii. Vaasantakusumakar rasa

25. Mukharogahara (Drugs for Oral Problems)
i. Khadiradi vati
ii. Tankana bhashma
iii. Sphitika bhashma
iv. Erimedadi taila
v. Eladi vati
vi. Kasturadi vati

26. Dantarogahara (Drugs for Dental diseases)
i. Kushthadi manjana
ii. Jeevan bindu

27. Mutrarogahara (Drugs for Urinary diseases)
i. Shweta parpati
ii. Gokshuradi guggulu
iii. Chandanadi churna
iv. Chopachinyadi churna
v. Yavakshar
vi. Chananasava
vii. Trinapanchamoola kwath

28. Yakrita pliha rogahara (Drugs for Hepatobiliary disorders)
i. Rohitakayadi churna
ii. Navayasa mandura
iii. Punarnavadi mandura
iv. Arka lavana
v. Lauha bhashma
vi. Aarogyavardhini vati
vii. Kasisadi bhashma
viii. Yakritaplihari lauha

29. Rajodushtihara (Drugs for Dysmenorrhoea/Amenorrhoea)
i. Raja pravartani vati
ii. Phala ghrita
iii. Nashtapushpantaka rasa
iv. Kumaryasava
v. Ashokarishta

30. Raktachapajanya vyadhihara (Anti-hypertensive/Normotensive)
i. Sarpagandhaghana v ati
ii. Tapaswini vati

31. Raktapraranasjhaka (Drugs for Menorrhagia)
i. Pradarantaka rasa
ii. Lakshadi chakrika
iii. Pushyanuga churna
iv. Bolabadda rasa
v. Bola parpati
vi. Mugdha rasa
vii. Patrangasava

32. Raktapittahara (Drugs for Haemoptysis/Bleeding)
i. Muktashukti pishti
ii. Eladi gutika
iii. Raktapittantaka lauha

33. Vatarakta (Drugs for Gout)
i. Kaishoor guggulu
ii. Guduchighana vati
iii. Rasamanikya
iv. Nimbadi churna
v. Amritarishta

34. Vivandhanashaka (Laxatives)
i. Triphala churna
ii. Panchasakar churna
iii. Ichchhabhedi rasa

35. Vishamajworahara (Anti-malarial)
i. Trisaptak churna
ii. Jworankusha vati
iii. Godanti bhashma
iv. Mahajworankusha rasa
v. Vishamajworahara lauha
vi. Mahasudurshana churna

36. Sheetapittahara (Anti-allergic/Anti-urticarial)
i. Haridra khanda
ii. Kamadudha rasa
iii. Dashanga lepa

37. Sheerorogahara (Drugs for Headache)
i. Pittaghna vati
ii. Sheerashuladi bajra rasa
iii. Kataphaladi nasya
iv. Godanti yoga

38. Shoolahara (Antispasmodic)
i. Nareekelakshar
ii. Arka lavana
iii. Hingvashtaka churna
iv. Shulahara yoga
v. Dhatri lauha

39. Shothahara (Drugs for Oedema/Anasarca)
i. Punarnavadi mandura
ii. Punarnavadi kwatha
iii. Dashamoola churna
iv. Punarnavashtaka churna
v. Punarnavadi kwath

40. Shwashahara (Antiasthamatics)
i. Shringyadi churna
ii. Shringa bhashma
iii. Kantakaryavelaha
iv. Rasasindura
v. Shwashakuthara rasa
vi. Shringrabhrak
vii. Kanakasava

41. Shwitrahara (Drugs for Leucoderma)
i. Bakuchyadi taila
ii. Gandhaka rasayana
iii. Somaraji taila
iv. Rasamanikya
v. Khadirarishta

42. Shleepadahara (Antifilarial/Elephantiasis)
i. Nityananda ras
ii. Shleepadagajakesheri rasa

43. Shwetapradarahara
i. Chandanadi churna
ii. Mandoora bhashma
iii. Kaudi bhashma
iv. Kukkutandakatwaka bhashma
v. Lauha bhahsma
vi. Patrangasava

44. Sootikarogahara (Drugs for Puerperium)
i. Pratapalankeshwara rasa
ii. Saubhagya vati
iii. Supari paka
iv. Mritasanjivani sura

45. Hridaya rogahara (Drugs for Cardiac diseases)
i. Shringa bhashma
ii. Kakubhadi churna
iii. Prabhakara vati
iv. Arjunarishta
v. Hridayavarnava rasa

46. Sthavara vishanashaka and Jangama vishanashaka (Anti-poison)
i. Shirishadi churna
ii. Haridradi churna

47. Balarogahara (Drugs for child disesases)
i. Ghoti churna
ii. Bala chaturbhadra churna
iii. Mrigamadasava
iv. Balarogantak rasa
v. Kasturi Bhushana
vi. Kumarakalyana rasa
vii. Aravindasava
viii. Aanandabhairav rasa
ix. Kumaryasava
x. Rasa pipari
xi. Drakshasava

48. Chhardirogahar(Antiemetics)
i. Lavangadi vati
ii. Mayurpuchha bhashma
iii. Chhardiripu rasa

49. Hikka nashaka (Drugs for Hiccough)
i. Trikatu churna
ii. Tankana bhashma
iii. Mayurpuchha bhashma
iv. Kamadudha rasa

50. Masurikarogahara (Drugs for Measeals)
i. Durlabho rasa

51. Stholyahara (Drugs for Obesity)
i. Triphala guggulu
ii. Vaishwanara churna
iii. Medohara vati
iv. Vidangadi lauha
v. Erandabhrishta haritaki

52. Vedanahara (Analgesics)
i. Peedahara malahama
ii. Chopachinyadi churna
iii. Rasna saptaka guggulu
iv. Saptavimshati guggulu
v. Dashamoolarishta

53. Vrana (Wounds0
i. Hariyo malaham
ii. Panchaguna taila
iii. Panchavalkala kashaya
iv. Nirgundi taila

54. Vipadika (Drugs for cracks/fissures)
i. Vipadikanta malahama
ii. Jatyadi ghrita

Hippocratic Oath

The ‘Oath of Hippocrates‘ appeared in 1948, when the newly organized World Medical Association (WMA) adopted the Declaration of Geneva. In 1991, 47 U.S. medical schools used it as the prayer.

 

Hippocratic Oath

I swear to fulfill, to the best of my ability and judgment, this covenant:

 

  • I will respect the hard-won scientific gains of those physicians in whose steps I walk, and gladly share such knowledge as is mine with those who are to follow.
  • I will apply, for the benefit of the sick, all measures which are required, avoiding those twin traps of overtreatment and therapeutic nihilism.
  • I will remember that there is art to medicine as well as science, and that warmth, sympathy, and understanding may outweigh the surgeon’s knife or the chemist’s drug.
  • I will not be ashamed to say “I know not,” nor will I fail to call in my colleagues when the skills of another are needed for a patient’s recovery.
  • I will respect the privacy of my patients, for their problems are not disclosed to me that the world may know. Most especially must I treat with care in matters of life and death
  • If it is given me to save a life, all thanks. But it may also be within my power to take a life; this awesome responsibility must be faced with great humbleness and awareness of my own frailty. Above all, I must not play at God.
  • I will remember that I do not treat a fever chart, a cancerous growth, but a sick human being, whose illness may affect the person’s family and economic stability. My responsibility includes these related problems, if I am to care adequately for the sick.
  • I will prevent disease whenever I can, for prevention is preferable to cure.I will remember that I remain a member of society, with special obligations to all my fellow human beings, those sound of mind and body as well as the infirm.
  • If I do not violate this oath, may I enjoy life and art, respected while I live and remembered with affection thereafter. May I always act so as to preserve the finest traditions of my calling and may I long experience the joy of healing those who seek my help.